Nepal is rich in biodiversity. There are various types of flora and fauna found in Nepal. For example, yarshaghumba (Cordyceps sinensis) and the one-horned rhino are the most valuable flora and fauna found in Nepal, among others.
Every year many people including children go in search of yarshagumba risking their life. The one-horned rhino, which is found in Chitwan, is also rare fauna found in Nepal. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, which is near my place in the Sagarmatha Zone, is home to a variety of flora and fauna. Varieties of birds, and arna (wild buffalo) are among them. Due to lack of concern, these birds and arna are on the verge of extinction. Check-up on a regular basis should be done to figure out the extinction of these species. A suitable environment should be maintained in order to help the flora and fauna adjust in their own habitat.
— Nikita Shrestha, Udayapur
Nepal is a small and beautiful country with diversified wildlife. There are many wildlife and medicinal herbs which cannot be found in other countries. Many flora and fauna are extinct and others are on the verge of extinction. Many wildlife, conservation areas and national parks have been established in different parts of the country and are doing a good job. The population of tigers has increased by 63 per cent as per the last survey of 2009. There are 120 royal Bengal tigers and the world’s largest concentration of one-horned rhino is in Chitwan.
We must take several steps and initiations to protect the endangered species. The first step is to get knowledge about the endangered species and try to maintain a good and suitable environment for them. Strict security system should be put up in different national parks, wildlife reserves and conservational areas to stop the shooting, trapping and poaching of the endangered species. Strict rules and laws must be made and implemented strictly according to the law. If anyone is found harming wildlife, the person should be given strict punishment. Lastly, we all must unite together with a common aim to protect all the endangered animals.
— Smarika Gharti